FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying all types of loans in order to compile this score.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in calculating a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary slightly from one agency to another. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my credit score?
Is it possible to raise your FICO score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
In order to raise your credit score, you must have the reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the original FICO credit score, offers scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your FICO score? Call us at 561-395-4264.