About the FICO Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to determine your score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted differently depending on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Your score greatly affects your interest rate
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my FICO score?
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is calculated from your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
Before you can improve your score, you have to know your score and be sure that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the first FICO score, sells scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are information and tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Give us a call at 561-395-4264.