How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an automated world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to just one number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following in building your score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my FICO score?
Is there any way to raise your credit score? So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the FICO score is calculated from your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. You must, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report; this is really the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
How do I find out my FICO score?
Before you can improve your score, you have to obtain your score and be sure that the credit reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the original FICO credit score, sells credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Call us at 561-395-4264.